Journal article

A Brain Motor Control Assessment (BMCA) Protocol for Upper Limb Function

Maryam Zoghi, Mary Galea, David Morgan

PLoS One | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2013


UNLABELLED: The Brain Motor Control Assessment (BMCA) protocol is a surface electromyography (sEMG)-based measure of motor output from central nervous system during a variety of reflex and voluntary motor tasks performed under strictly controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the BMCA protocol for upper limb with the addition of shoulder voluntary tasks. The voluntary response index (VRI) was calculated from quantitative analysis of sEMG data during defined voluntary movement in neurologically intact people for comparison with that of patients after neurological injuries. The BMCA protocol included one bilateral and 4 unilateral voluntary tasks at different joints of both..

View full abstract


Awarded by Victorian Neurotrauma Initiative

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Victorian Neurotrauma Initiative project grant no. D113: Functional electrical stimulation for hand function in quadriplegia (website: The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.