Journal article

The effect of insecticide-treated bed nets on the incidence and prevalence of malaria in children in an area of unstable seasonal transmission in western Myanmar

Frank M Smithuis, Moe Kyaw Kyaw, U Ohn Phe, Ingrid van der Broek, Nina Katterman, Colin Rogers, Patrick Almeida, Piet A Kager, Kasia Stepniewska, Yoel Lubell, Julie A Simpson, Nicholas J White

MALARIA JOURNAL | BMC | Published : 2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality consistently in Africa, but their benefits have been less consistent in Asia. This study's objective was to evaluate the malaria protective efficacy of village-wide usage of ITN in Western Myanmar and estimate the cost-effectiveness of ITN compared with extending early diagnosis and treatment services. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in Rakhine State to assess the efficacy of ITNs in preventing malaria and anaemia in children and their secondary effects on nutrition and development. The data were aggregated for each village to obtain cluster-level infection rates. In total 8,175..

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