The effect of insecticide-treated bed nets on the incidence and prevalence of malaria in children in an area of unstable seasonal transmission in western Myanmar
Frank M Smithuis, Moe Kyaw Kyaw, U Ohn Phe, Ingrid van der Broek, Nina Katterman, Colin Rogers, Patrick Almeida, Piet A Kager, Kasia Stepniewska, Yoel Lubell, Julie A Simpson, Nicholas J White
MALARIA JOURNAL | BMC | Published : 2013
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality consistently in Africa, but their benefits have been less consistent in Asia. This study's objective was to evaluate the malaria protective efficacy of village-wide usage of ITN in Western Myanmar and estimate the cost-effectiveness of ITN compared with extending early diagnosis and treatment services. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in Rakhine State to assess the efficacy of ITNs in preventing malaria and anaemia in children and their secondary effects on nutrition and development. The data were aggregated for each village to obtain cluster-level infection rates. In total 8,175..View full abstract
We are grateful to the staff of the malaria clinics, the staff of the Vector Borne Disease Control ( Department of Health) and the clinical and laboratory staff of Medecins sans Frontieres Holland for their support and hard work. Kasia Stepniewska, Yoel Lubell and Professor Nicholas White are supported by The Wellcome Trust of Great Britain as part of the Wellcome Trust Mahidol University Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Programme. The study was financed by Medecins sans Frontieres Holland.