Journal article

Suicide by occupation: systematic review and meta-analysis

Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis, Anthony D LaMontagne

BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that those employed in certain occupations, such as doctors and farmers, have an elevated risk of suicide, yet little research has sought to synthesise these findings across working-age populations. AIMS: To summarise published research in this area through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHOD: Random effects meta-analyses were used to calculate a pooled risk of suicide across occupational skill-level groups. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included in the meta-analysis. Elementary professions (e.g. labourers and cleaners) were at elevated risk compared with the working-age population (rate ratio (RR) = 1.84, 95% CI 1.46-2.33), followed by mac..

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