Standard method for detecting upper respiratory carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae: Updated recommendations from the World Health Organization Pneumococcal Carriage Working Group
Catherine Satzke, Paul Turner, Anni Virolainen-Julkunen, Peter V Adrian, Martin Antonio, Kim M Hare, Ana Maria Henao-Restrepo, Amanda J Leach, Keith P Klugman, Barbara D Porter, Raquel Sa-Leao, J Anthony Scott, Hanna Nohynek, Katherine L O'Brien
VACCINE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2013
In 2003 the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a working group and published a set of standard methods for studies measuring nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus). The working group recently reconvened under the auspices of the WHO and updated the consensus standard methods. These methods describe the collection, transport and storage of nasopharyngeal samples, as well as provide recommendations for the identification and serotyping of pneumococci using culture and non-culture based approaches. We outline the consensus position of the working group, the evidence supporting this position, areas worthy of future research, and the epidemiological role of c..View full abstract
Awarded by National Institute for Health Research
The 2012 WHO working group meeting was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Thanks to Neddy Mafunga and Alina Ximena Laurie for assistance with organization of the meeting, and to Susan Morpeth and the reviewers for critical reading of the manuscript.