Journal article

Causes of false-positive HIV rapid diagnostic test results

Derryck Klarkowski, Daniel P O'Brien, Leslie Shanks, Kasha P Singh

EXPERT REVIEW OF ANTI-INFECTIVE THERAPY | EXPERT REVIEWS | Published : 2014

Abstract

HIV rapid diagnostic tests have enabled widespread implementation of HIV programs in resource-limited settings. If the tests used in the diagnostic algorithm are susceptible to the same cause for false positivity, a false-positive diagnosis may result in devastating consequences. In resource-limited settings, the lack of routine confirmatory testing, compounded by incorrect interpretation of weak positive test lines and use of tie-breaker algorithms, can leave a false-positive diagnosis undetected. We propose that heightened CD5+ and early B-lymphocyte response polyclonal cross-reactivity are a major cause of HIV false positivity in certain settings; thus, test performance may vary significa..

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