Journal article

Surfactant before the first inflation at birth improves spatial distribution of ventilation and reduces lung injury in preterm lambs

David G Tingay, Megan J Wallace, Risha Bhatia, Georg M Schmoelzer, Valerie A Zahra, Melinda J Dolan, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2014

Abstract

The interrelationship between the role of surfactant and a sustained inflation (SI) to aid ex utero transition of the preterm lung is unknown. We compared the effect of surfactant administered before and after an initial SI on gas exchange, lung mechanics, spatial distribution of ventilation, and lung injury in preterm lambs. Gestational-age lambs (127 days; 9 per group) received 100 mg/kg of a surfactant (Curosurf) either prior (Surf+SI) or 10 min after birth (SI+Surf). At birth, a 20-s, 35 cmH2O SI was applied, followed by 70 min of positive pressure ventilation. Oxygenation, carbon dioxide removal, respiratory system compliance, end-expiratory thoracic volume (via respiratory inductive pl..

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