Journal article

A benchmark study on mantle convection in a 3-D spherical shell using CitcomS

Shijie Zhong, Allen McNamara, Eh Tan, Louis Moresi, Michael Gurnis

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems | AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION | Published : 2008


As high-performance computing facilities and sophisticated modeling software become available, modeling mantle convection in a three-dimensional (3-D) spherical shell geometry with realistic physical parameters and processes becomes increasingly feasible. However, there is still a lack of comprehensive benchmark studies for 3-D spherical mantle convection. Here we present benchmark and test calculations using a finite element code CitcomS for 3-D spherical convection. Two classes of model calculations are presented: the Stokes' flow and thermal and thermochemical convection. For Stokes' flow, response functions of characteristic flow velocity, topography, and geoid at the surface and core-ma..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by NSF

Funding Acknowledgements

SZ was supported by NSF EAR-0711366 and David and Lucile Packard Foundation. AKM was supported by NSF-0510383. ET and MG were supported by NSF EAR-042271. We thank Scott King, Paul Tackley, and Peter van Keken for their constructive reviews and Teresa Lassak for going through equations and finding out two typos in two equations. Part of the calculations was performed on TACC's Parallel Supercomputer Ranger.