Prevalence and causes of vision loss in high-income countries and in Eastern and Central Europe: 1990-2010
Rupert RA Bourne, Jost B Jonas, Seth R Flaxman, Jill Keeffe, Janet Leasher, Kovin Naidoo, Maurizio B Parodi, Konrad Pesudovs, Holly Price, Richard A White, Tien Y Wong, Serge Resnikoff, Hugh R Taylor
BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2014
BACKGROUND: To assess prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment in high-income regions and in Central/Eastern Europe in 1990 and 2010. METHODS: Based on a systematic review of medical literature, prevalence of moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI; presenting visual acuity <6/18 but ≥3/60 in the better eye) and blindness (presenting visual acuity <3/60) was estimated for 1990 and 2010. RESULTS: Age-standardised prevalence of blindness and MSVI decreased from 0.2% to 0.1% (3.314 million to 2.736 million people) and from 1.6% to 1.0% (25.362 million to 22.176 million), respectively. Women were generally more affected than men. Cataract was the most frequent cause of blindn..View full abstract
This study was partially funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Fight for Sight, Fred Hollows Foundation and the Brien Holden Vision Institute. The results in this paper are prepared independently of the final estimates of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.