Journal article

Microclimate modelling at macro scales: a test of a general microclimate model integrated with gridded continental-scale soil and weather data

Michael R Kearney, Alireza Shamakhy, Reid Tingley, David J Karoly, Ary A Hoffmann, Peter R Briggs, Warren P Porter

METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION | WILEY | Published : 2014

Abstract

The microclimate experienced by organisms is determined by local weather conditions. Yet the environmental data available for predicting the effect of climate on the distribution and abundance of organisms are typically in the form of long-term average monthly climate measured at standardized heights above the ground. Here, we demonstrate how hourly microclimates can be modelled mechanistically over decades at the continental scale with biologically suitable accuracy. We extend the microclimate model of the software package niche mapper to capture spatial and temporal variation in soil thermal properties and integrate it with gridded soil and weather data for Australia at 0·05° resolution. W..

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