Journal article

Working memory capacity and fluid abilities: the more difficult the item the more more is better

Daniel R Little, Stephan Lewandowsky, Stewart Craig

FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2014

Abstract

The relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory is of fundamental importance to understanding how capacity-limited structures such as working memory interact with inference abilities to determine intelligent behavior. Recent evidence has suggested that the relationship between a fluid abilities test, Raven's Progressive Matrices, and working memory capacity (WMC) may be invariant across difficulty levels of the Raven's items. We show that this invariance can only be observed if the overall correlation between Raven's and WMC is low. Simulations of Raven's performance revealed that as the overall correlation between Raven's and WMC increases, the item-wise point bi-serial corre..

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