Social, economic, political and health system and program determinants of child mortality reduction in China between 1990 and 2006: A systematic analysis.
Xing Lin Feng, Evropi Theodoratou, Li Liu, Kit Yee Chan, David Hipgrave, Robert Scherpbier, Hana Brixi, Sufang Guo, Wen Chunmei, Mickey Chopra, Robert E Black, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan, Yan Guo
Journal of Global Health | Published : 2012
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006, China reduced its under-five mortality rate (U5MR) from 64.6 to 20.6 per 1000 live births and achieved the fourth United Nation's Millennium Development Goal nine years ahead of target. This study explores the contribution of social, economic and political determinants, health system and policy determinants, and health programmes and interventions to this success. METHODS: For each of the years between 1990 and 2006, we obtained an estimate of U5MR for 30 Chinese provinces from the annual China Health Statistics Yearbook. For each year, we also obtained data describing the status of 8 social, 10 economic, 2 political, 9 health system and policy, and six hea..View full abstract