Journal article

Optimization of the physical refining of sunflower oil concerning the final contents of trans-fatty acids

Roberta Ceriani, Alysson M Costa, Antonio JA Meirelles

INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH | AMER CHEMICAL SOC | Published : 2008

Abstract

The final contents of total and individual trans-fatty acids of sunflower oil, produced during the deacidification step of physical refining were obtained using a computational simulation program that considered cis-trans isomerization reaction features for oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids attached to the glycerol part of triacylglycerols. The impact of process variables, such as temperature and liquid flow rate, and of equipment configuration parameters, such as liquid height, diameter, and number of stages, that influence the retention time of the oil in the equipment was analyzed using the response-surface methodology (RSM). The computational simulation and the RSM results were used i..

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