Journal article

The methyltransferase SMYD3 mediates the recruitment of transcriptional cofactors at the myostatin and c-Met genes and regulates skeletal muscle atrophy

Valentina Proserpio, Raffaella Fittipaldi, James G Ryall, Vittorio Sartorelli, Giuseppina Caretti

GENES & DEVELOPMENT | COLD SPRING HARBOR LAB PRESS, PUBLICATIONS DEPT | Published : 2013

Abstract

Elucidating the epigenetic mechanisms underlying muscle mass determination and skeletal muscle wasting holds the potential of identifying molecular pathways that constitute possible drug targets. Here, we report that the methyltransferase SMYD3 modulates myostatin and c-Met transcription in primary skeletal muscle cells and C2C12 myogenic cells. SMYD3 targets the myostatin and c-Met genes and participates in the recruitment of the bromodomain protein BRD4 to their regulatory regions through protein-protein interaction. By recruiting BRD4, SMYD3 favors chromatin engagement of the pause-release factor p-TEFb (positive transcription elongation factor) and elongation of Ser2-phosphorylated RNA p..

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University of Melbourne Researchers