Coupling blood flow and neural function in the retina: a model for homeostatic responses to ocular perfusion pressure challenge.
Zheng He, Jeremiah KH Lim, Christine TO Nguyen, Algis J Vingrys, Bang V Bui
Physiol Rep | Published : 2013
Retinal function is known to be more resistant than blood flow to acute reduction of ocular perfusion pressure (OPP). To understand the mechanisms underlying the disconnect between blood flow and neural function, a mathematical model is developed in this study, which proposes that increased oxygen extraction ratio compensates for relative ischemia to sustain retinal function. In addition, the model incorporates a term to account for a pressure-related mechanical stress on neurons when OPP reduction is achieved by intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation. We show that this model, combining ocular blood flow, oxygen extraction ratio, and IOP mechanical stress on neurons, accounts for retinal funct..View full abstract
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