Controversial role of antibodies against linear epitopes of desmoglein 3 in pemphigus vulgaris, as revealed by semiquantitative living cell immunofluorescence microscopy and in-cell ELISA.
A Lanza, L Perillo, C Landi, F Femiano, F Gombos, N Cirillo
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology | Published : 2010
A novel explanation of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) pathogenesis suggests that serum autoantibodies may affect desmoglein 3 (Dsg3)-mediated adhesion by triggering depletion of Dsg3 from desmosomes. Furthermore, abrogation of Dsg3 from the cell seems to depend on anti-Dsg3 pemphigus IgG. In this study we sought to gain more insights into the role of PV IgG recognizing non-conformational epitopes of Dsg3 (anti-Dsg3-L IgG) by semi-quantitative living cell immunofluorescence (LCIF) microscopy, in-cell ELISA and morphometric analysis of acantholysis. Our data demonstrate that PV serum and PV IgG can induce acantholysis and reduce the total amount of Dsg3 in cultured keratinocytes, whereas anti-Dsg3-L ..View full abstract