Journal article

Localization of temporal lobe epileptic foci with iodine-123 iododexetimide cholinergic neuroreceptor single-photon emission computed tomography

KL Boundy, CC Rowe, AB Black, MI Kitchener, LR Barnden, R Sebben, A Kneebone, M Kassiou, A Katsifis, R Lambrecht

NEUROLOGY | LITTLE BROWN CO | Published : 1996

Abstract

There is evidence suggesting that muscarinic cholinergic neuroreceptors (mChR) are reduced at seizure foci. Iodine-123 (I-123) iododexetimide (IDEX) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) permits in vivo imaging of mChR. We assessed 23 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) undergoing preoperative assessment. Regions of interest were placed over the amygdala, hippocampus, and lateral temporal cortex on IDEX SPECT images. Eighteen patients had unilateral TLE. In these, IDEX binding in the ipsilateral hippocampal region was reduced by 19.1 +/- 12%. This was significantly greater than blood flow asymmetry (p < 0.02 by Wilcoxon's signed-rank test). Changes were less marked in the..

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