Journal article

Preoperative cardiac evaluation and management of patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery

Ian A Scott, Hasan A Shohag, Peter CA Kam, Michael V Jelinek, Golam M Khadem

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | WILEY | Published : 2013

Abstract

Perioperative cardiac complications are a common cause of death and major morbidity in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Preoperative evaluation and medical optimisation can improve outcomes, although the evidence base is limited. Evidence of effectiveness is strongest for prophylactic use of β-blockers in high-risk patients and aspirin in patients with coronary artery disease. Particular challenges arise among patients with heart failure or valvular heart disease or those receiving antithrombotic therapy for coronary artery stents or atrial fibrillation. Close liaison between general practitioners, surgeons, anaesthetists and cardiologists is needed for optimising preoperative manage..

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