Journal article

Reduced dendritic arborization and hyperexcitability of pyramidal neurons in a Scn1b-based model of Dravet syndrome

Christopher A Reid, Bryan Leaw, Kay L Richards, Robert Richardson, Verena Wimmer, Christiaan Yu, Elisa L Hill-Yardin, Holger Lerche, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Steven Petrou

BRAIN | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2014

Abstract

Epileptic encephalopathies, including Dravet syndrome, are severe treatment-resistant epilepsies with developmental regression. We examined a mouse model based on a human β1 sodium channel subunit (Scn1b) mutation. Homozygous mutant mice shared phenotypic features and pharmaco-sensitivity with Dravet syndrome. Patch-clamp analysis showed that mutant subicular and layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons had increased action potential firing rates, presumably as a consequence of their increased input resistance. These changes were not seen in L5 or CA1 pyramidal neurons. This raised the concept of a regional seizure mechanism that was supported by data showing increased spontaneous synaptic activity in th..

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