Journal article

Trade liberalisation, poverty and inequality in South Africa: A computable general equilibrium-microsimulation analysis

Nicolas Herault

ECONOMIC RECORD | WILEY | Published : 2007


This paper studies the effects of trade liberalisation on poverty and income inequality in South Africa. The main issue of interest is the effect of international trade on households (especially their income). The approach presented in this paper relies on combining a macro-orientated computable general equilibrium model with a microsimulation model. The main concern regarding poor households is whether the decrease in nominal earnings for formal low-skilled and skilled workers is offset by the upward trend in formal employment levels. The analysis indicates that such a trade-off occurs, implying a decrease in poverty due to trade liberalisation. © 2007 The Economic Society of Australia.