Journal article

Measuring Turnover of SIV DNA in Resting CD4 T Cells Using Pyrosequencing: Implications for the Timing of HIV Eradication Therapies

Jeanette C Reece, Alexey Martyushev, Janka Petravic, Andrew Grimm, Shayarana Gooneratne, Thakshila Amaresena, Robert De Rose, Liyen Loh, Miles P Davenport, Stephen J Kent

PLoS One | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2014

Abstract

Resting CD4+ T cells are a reservoir of latent HIV-1. Understanding the turnover of HIV DNA in these cells has implications for the development of eradication strategies. Most studies of viral latency focus on viral persistence under antiretroviral therapy (ART). We studied the turnover of SIV DNA resting CD4+ T cells during active infection in a cohort of 20 SIV-infected pigtail macaques. We compared SIV sequences at two Mane-A1*084:01-restricted CTL epitopes using serial plasma RNA and resting CD4+ T cell DNA samples by pyrosequencing, and used a mathematical modeling approach to estimate SIV DNA turnover. We found SIV DNA turnover in resting CD4+ T cells was slow in animals with low chron..

View full abstract