Dysglycaemia in the critically ill and the interaction of chronic and acute glycaemia with mortality
Mark P Plummer, Rinaldo Bellomo, Caroline E Cousins, Christopher E Annink, Krishnaswamy Sundararajan, Benjamin AJ Reddi, John P Raj, Marianne J Chapman, Michael Horowitz, Adam M Deane
INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE | SPRINGER | Published : 2014
PURPOSE: Hyperglycaemia is common in the critically ill. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of critical illness-associated hyperglycaemia (CIAH) and recognised and unrecognised diabetes in the critically ill as well as to evaluate the impact of premorbid glycaemia on the association between acute hyperglycaemia and mortality. METHODS: In 1,000 consecutively admitted patients we prospectively measured glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) on admission, and blood glucose concentrations during the 48 h after admission, to the intensive care unit. Patients with blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/l when fasting or ≥11.1 mmol/l during feeding were deemed hyperglycaemic. Patients with acute ..View full abstract
The authors acknowledge the assistance of biostatiscians Ms Kylie Lange and Ms Suzanne Edwards (University of Adelaide). Dr. Mark Plummer is supported by a Dawes Scholarship (co-funded University of Adelaide and Royal Adelaide Hospital) and Dr. Adam Deane is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) Early Career Fellowship. Data collection was supported by a project grant from the Diabetes Australia Research Trust. These data were presented in abstract form at the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine 26th Annual Congress (Paris).