Journal article

How many dependent heroin users are there in Australia?

WD Hall, JE Ross, MT Lynskey, MG Law, LJ Degenhardt

The Medical Journal of Australia | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2000


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of dependent or daily heroin users in Australia, and to compare the prevalence in Australia with that in other developed countries. DESIGN: We applied three different methods of estimation (back-projection, capture-recapture, and multiplier) to data on national opioid overdose deaths in Australia, first-time entrants to methadone maintenance treatment, and heroin-related arrests in New South Wales. We compared our estimates with estimates derived by similar methods in countries of the European Union. DATA SOURCES: Data on national opioid overdose deaths were obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Data on methadone entrants in NSW were extract..

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