Cytokines and HIV-1: interactions and clinical implications.
K Kedzierska, SM Crowe
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy | Published : 2001
Cytokines play an important role in controlling the homoeostasis of the immune system. Infection with HIV results in dysregulation of the cytokine profile in vivo and in vitro. During the course of HIV-1 infection secretion of T-helper type 1 (Th1) cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-2, and antiviral interferon (IFN)-gamma, is generally decreased, whereas production of T helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines, IL-4, IL-10, proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, is increased. Such abnormal cytokine production contributes to the pathogenesis of the disease by impairing cell-mediated immunity. A number of cytokines have been shown to modulate in vitro HIV-1 ..View full abstract