Journal article

Chronic prenatal exposure to carbon monoxide results in a reduction in tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactivity and an increase in choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactivity in the fetal medulla: Implications for sudden infant death syndrome

M Tolcos, H McGregor, D Walker, S Rees

Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2000


Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with a significantly increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This study investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), a major component of cigarette smoke, on the neuroglial and neurochemical development of the medulla in the fetal guinea pig. Pregnant guinea pigs were exposed to 200 p.p.m CO for 10 h per day from day 23-25 of gestation (term = 68 days) until day 61-63, at which time fetuses were removed and brains collected for analysis. Using immunohistochemistry and quantitative image analysis, examination of the medulla of CO-exposed fetuses revealed a significant decrease in tyrosine hydrox..

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University of Melbourne Researchers