Reactivity of human isolated internal mammary artery to constrictor and dilator agents. Implications for treatment of internal mammary artery spasm.
GW He, FL Rosenfeldt, BF Buxton, JA Angus
Circulation | Published : 1989
Perioperative spasm of the internal mammary artery (IMA) may occur after coronary artery bypass surgery. To establish the most appropriate dilator agent, we tested the reactivity of ring segments of human IMA in organ baths to various constrictor and dilator agents. We found that the thromboxane mimetic U46619 was the most potent IMA constrictor agent, followed by norepinephrine, serotonin, phenylephrine, and potassium chloride (K+). In K+- or U46619-precontracted IMA, glyceryl trinitrate and papaverine caused full relaxation. In K+-precontracted arteries, nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem caused full relaxation, but nifedipine was 15-fold more potent than the other calcium antagonists. I..View full abstract