The sequence effect and gait festination in Parkinson disease: Contributors to freezing of gait?
Robert Iansek, Frances Huxham, Jennifer McGinley
Movement Disorders | WILEY-LISS | Published : 2006
Festination and freezing of gait (FOG) are poorly understood gait disorders that cause disability and falls in people with Parkinson disease (PD). In PD, basal ganglia malfunction leads to motor set deficits (hypokinesia), while altered motor cue production leads to a sequence effect, whereby movements becomes progressively smaller as in festination. We suggest both factors may contribute to FOG. Disturbance of set maintenance by the basal ganglia in PD has previously been examined in gait, but limited systematic evaluation of the sequence effect exists. In this study, we investigated the step-to-step amplitude relationship in 10 PD subjects with clinical evidence of festination and FOG. Fou..View full abstract