Journal article

Relationship Between Raised BMI and Sugar Sweetened Beverage and High Fat Food Consumption Among Children

Lynne Millar, Bosco Rowland, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Catherine Bennett, Helen Skouteris, Steven Allender

Obesity | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal evidence of relationships between unhealthy diets and BMI in children is crucial for appropriately targeting obesity prevention activities. The objective was to determine the relationship between frequency of consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and high fat foods (HFFs) and body weight in Australian children aged from 4 to 10 years. METHODS: Data from 4,164 children participating in four waves (wave 1, 2004; wave 2, 2006; wave 3, 2008; and wave 4, 2010) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were analyzed. A multi-level growth model tested relationships between consumption of SSB and HFF and BMI z-scores. RESULTS: BMI z-scores were associated wit..

View full abstract

Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

This article uses unit record data from Growing Up in Australia, the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The study is conducted in partnership between the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), the Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The findings and views reported in this article are those of the author and should not be attributed to FaHCSIA, AIFS or the ABS.