Journal article

Genetic modifiers of cancer risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers

RL Milne, AC Antoniou

Annals of Oncology | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2011

Abstract

Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 confer high risks of female breast and ovarian cancer. However, there is strong evidence that these risks are modified by other factors, including familial or genetic factors. Genome-wide association studies have identified several breast cancer genetic susceptibility variants in the general population that are also associated with breast cancer risk for mutation carriers. The patterns of association for these variants vary between BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers and this variation appears to be driven by their differential associations with breast cancer subtypes defined by estrogen receptor status. We review the latest evidence regarding genetic modi..

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