Journal article

Current strategies in the search for low penetrance genes in cancer

Roger L Milne, Javier Benitez

Cellular and molecular biology | F HERNANDEZ | Published : 2008

Abstract

The genetic etiology of most cancers remains largely unclear and it has been hypothesised that common genetic variants with modest effects on disease susceptibility cause the bulk of this unexplained risk. Case-control association studies are considered the most effective strategy to identify these low-penetrance genes. While traditionally, such studies have focused on putative functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes, a more comprehensive approach can now be taken, as a result of a number of recent developments: the mapping of the human genome, including the identification of almost ten million SNPs; and the development of high-throughput genotyping technologies ..

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