Journal article

The extraction of cadmium(II) and copper(II) from hydrochloric acid solutions using an Aliquat 336/PVC membrane

LJ Wang, R Paimin, RW Cattrall, W Shen, SD Kolev

Journal of Membrane Science | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2000


Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)-based membranes containing Aliquat 336 as the extractant are used in a study of the extraction of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from HCl solutions. Factors influencing the extraction with these membranes such as the thickness, the composition and the nature of the surface are studied. A mathematical model for the extraction of Cd(II) is used which is based on an extraction mechanism governed by both the chemical kinetics and the membrane diffusion processes. Fitting the model to the extraction data provides values of the diffusion coefficient and the kinetic rate constants of the complexation reaction between the extractant and the extracted species. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevie..

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