Journal article

Is boosting the immune system in sepsis appropriate?

Jean-Marc Cavaillon, Damon Eisen, Djilalli Annane

Critical Care (UK) | BIOMED CENTRAL LTD | Published : 2014

Abstract

A relative immunosuppression is observed in patients after sepsis, trauma, burns, or any severe insults. It is currently proposed that selected patients will benefit from treatment aimed at boosting their immune systems. However, the host immune response needs to be considered in context with pathogen-type, timing,and mainly tissue specificity. Indeed, the immune status of leukocytes is not universally decreased and their activated status in tissues contributes to organ failure. Accordingly, any new immune-stimulatory therapeutic intervention should take into consideration potentially deleterious effects in some situations.