Journal article

Sex-Specific Disruptions in Spatial Memory and Anhedonia in a "Two Hit" Rat Model Correspond With Alterations in Hippocampal Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Expression and Signaling

Rachel A Hill, Maren Klug, Szerenke Kiss Von Soly, Michele D Binder, Anthony J Hannan, Maarten van den Buuse

Hippocampus | WILEY | Published : 2014


Post-mortem studies have demonstrated reduced expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus of schizophrenia and major depression patients. The "two hit" hypothesis proposes that two or more major disruptions at specific time points during development are involved in the pathophysiology of these mental illnesses. However, the role of BDNF in these "two hit" effects is unclear. Our aim was to behaviorally characterize a "two hit" rat model of developmental stress accompanied by an in-depth assessment of BDNF expression and signalling. Wistar rats were exposed to neonatal maternal separation (MS) stress and/or adolescent/young-adult corticosterone (CORT) treatment. ..

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