Journal article

The concept of dementia: retain, reframe, rename or replace?

Alexander F Kurz, Nicola T Lautenschlager

International Psychogeriatrics | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2010

Abstract

From antiquity the term "dementia" has denoted a state of severe acquired intellectual deterioration which significantly interferes with the fulfillment of personal, social or occupational roles, and makes the individual dependent on care and supervision by others. The medical concept of dementia refers to a pattern of cognitive and behavioral symptoms which typically arises from chronic and often progressive brain diseases. The quantitative expression of this pattern shows broad variability, and some patients fall within the boundaries of the concept whose intellectual and functional abilities are only mildly impaired. On the other hand, the concept currently has an unduly narrow qualitativ..

View full abstract