Journal article

Smoking is associated with reduced cortical regional gray matter density in brain regions associated with incipient Alzheimer disease

Osvaldo P Almeida, Griselda J Garrido, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Gary K Hulse, Konrad Jamrozik, Leon Flicker

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The results of observational studies suggest that smoking increases the risk of Alzheimer disease (AD). The authors designed this study to determine if older people who smoke have decreased gray matter density in brain regions associated with incipient AD. METHODS: The authors recruited 39 pairs (N = 78) of smokers/never-smokers 70 to 83 years of age who were matched for age, sex, education, and handedness. Participants were free of clinically significant cognitive impairment, depression, stroke, or other serious medical conditions. Gray matter density was determined by voxel-based morphometry using statistical parametric mapping of T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. RESULTS:..

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