Journal article

Opsonic human antibodies from an endemic population specific for a conserved epitope on the M protein of group A streptococci

ER Brandt, WA Hayman, B Currie, J Carapetis, Y Wood, DC Jackson, J Cooper, WD Melrose, AJ Saul, MF Good

Immunology | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 1996

Abstract

This study demonstrates the presence of epitope-specific opsonic human antibodies in a population living in an area endemic for group A streptococci (GAS) infection. Antibodies recognizing a conserved C-terminal region epitope (p145, sequence in single letter amino acids: LRRDLDASREAKKQVEKALE) of the M protein of GAS were isolated from human patients by affinity chromatography and were shown to be of the immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgG3 subclasses. These antibodies could reduce the number of colonies of serotype 5 GAS in an in vitro opsonization assay by 71-92%, compared with an equal amount of IgG from control adult donors living in non-endemic areas and without antibodies to p145. Additio..

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University of Melbourne Researchers