Journal article

Intakes of coffee, tea, milk, soda and juice and renal cell cancer in a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies

Jung Eun Lee, David J Hunter, Donna Spiegelman, Hans-Olov Adami, Leslie Bernstein, Piet A van den Brandt, Julie E Buring, Eunyoung Cho, Dallas English, Aaron R Folsom, Jo L Freudenheim, Graham G Gile, Edward Giovannucci, Pamela L Horn-Ross, Michael Leitzmann, James R Marshall, Satu Mannisto, Marjorie L McCullough, Anthony B Miller, Alexander S Parker Show all

International Journal of Cancer | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2007


Specific beverage intake may be associated with the risk of renal cell cancer through a diluting effect of carcinogens, alterations of hormone levels, or other changes in the renal tubular environment, but few prospective studies have examined these associations. We evaluated the associations between coffee, tea, milk, soda and fruit and vegetable juice intakes and renal cell cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies (530,469 women and 244,483 men). Participants completed a validated food-frequency questionnaire at baseline. Using the primary data, the study-specific relative risks (RRs) were calculated and then pooled using a random effects model. A total of 1,478 incident ..

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