Epidemiology of malaria in the Papua New Guinean highlands
Inoni Betuela, Seri Maraga, Manuel W Hetzel, Tony Tandrapah, Albert Sie, Simon Yala, Julius Kundi, Peter Siba, John C Reeder, Ivo Mueller
Tropical Medicine and International Health | WILEY | Published : 2012
OBJECTIVES: To conduct an in-depth investigation of the epidemiology of malaria in the Papua New Guinea (PNG) highlands and provide a basis for evidence-based planning and monitoring of intensified malaria control activities. METHODS: Between December 2000 and July 2005, 153 household-based, rapid malaria population surveys were conducted in 112 villages throughout the central PNG highlands. The presence of malaria infections was determined by light microscopy and risk factors assessed using a structured questionnaire.The combined dataset from all individually published surveys was reanalysed. RESULTS: The prevalence of malaria infections in the different surveys ranged from 0.0% to 41.8%(me..View full abstract
First and foremost we would like to thank all study participants, the provincial health authorities and mission health services of the PNG highlands provinces without whose support this work would have been impossible. We also thank Rex Ivivi, John Taime, Gimana Poigeno, Moses Ousari, Jonah Iga, Bianca Pluess and Sonja Schoepflin for the conduct of the field studies and Leo Makita, Steve Bjorge, Luo Dapeng and Ian Riley for their contributions to design and interpretation of the study results. This work was supported by grants from the WHO Western Pacific Regional Office, Rotary Against Malaria and the PNG National Department of Health.