Journal article

Streptococcal pharyngitis in a paediatric emergency department

KM Edmond, K Grimwood, JB Carlin, P Chondros, GG Hogg, PLJ Barnett

The Medical Journal of Australia | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 1996

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical features of beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection in children with acute pharyngitis and thereby to define those requiring antibiotic therapy. DESIGN: Prospective 2:1 case--control study. SETTING: Emergency Medicine Department of the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, between May 1994 and May 1995. PARTICIPANTS: Cases (n = 271) were the first 10 self-referred children in each week with pharyngitis and no antibiotic use in the previous week. Controls (n = 135) were age-matched children without infection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of groups A, C or G beta-haemolytic streptococci in oropharyngeal cultures; demographic and clinical c..

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