Journal article

Comparison of the incidence of schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway and urban Camberwell

J Allardyce, J Boydell, J Van Os, G Morrison, D Castle, RM Murray, RG McCreadie

The British Journal of Psychiatry | ROYAL COLLEGE OF PSYCHIATRISTS | Published : 2001


BACKGROUND: Being born or living in urban areas is associated with high rates of schizophrenia. However, few studies have compared the incidence in urban/rural areas using the same methodology. AIMS: To compare service-based incidence rates for schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway in south-west Scotland with urban Camberwell in south-east London. METHOD: Using Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnoses from the OPCRIT computer algorithm, we compared the incidence of schizophrenia over 12 years (1979-1984 and 1992-1997) using indirect standardisation techniques and Poisson regression modelling. RESULTS: The incidence was 61% higher in urban Camberwell than in rural Dumfries and Galloway (..

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