Journal article

Early disruption of centromeric chromatin organization in centromere protein A (Cenpa) null mice

EV Howman, KJ Fowler, AJ Newson, S Redward, AC MacDonald, P Kalitsis, KHA Choo

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | NATL ACAD SCIENCES | Published : 2000

Abstract

Centromere protein A (Cenpa for mouse, CENP-A for other species) is a histone H3-like protein that is thought to be involved in the nucleosomal packaging of centromeric DNA. Using gene targeting, we have disrupted the mouse Cenpa gene and demonstrated that the gene is essential. Heterozygous mice are healthy and fertile whereas null mutants fail to survive beyond 6.5 days postconception. Affected embryos show severe mitotic problems, including micronuclei and macronuclei formation, nuclear bridging and blebbing, and chromatin fragmentation and hypercondensation. Immunofluorescence analysis of interphase cells at day 5.5 reveals complete Cenpa depletion, diffuse Cenpb foci, absence of discret..

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