Journal article

The IL-4/IL-13/Stat6 signalling pathway promotes luminal mammary epithelial cell development

Walid T Khaled, Eliot KC Read, Sandra E Nicholson, Fiona O Baxter, Amelia J Brennan, Paul J Came, Naomi Sprigg, Andrew NJ McKenzie, Christine J Watson



Naïve T helper cells differentiate into Th1 and Th2 subsets, which have unique cytokine signatures, activators and transcriptional targets. The Th1/Th2 cytokine milieu is a key paradigm in lineage commitment, and IL-4 (Il4), IL-13 (Il13) and Stat6 are important mediators of Th2 development. We show here, for the first time, that this paradigm applies also to mammary epithelial cells, which undergo a switch from Th1 to Th2 cytokine production upon the induction of differentiation. Thus, the Th1 cytokines IL-12 (Il12), interferon gamma (INFgamma; also known as Ifng) and Tnfalpha are downregulated concomitantly with the upregulation of the Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-13 and IL-5 (Il5) as epithelial ..

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