Journal article

Double-strand breaks: signaling pathways and repair mechanisms

TC Karagiannis, A El-Osta

CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES | SPRINGER BASEL AG | Published : 2004

Abstract

Double-strand breaks arise frequently in the course of endogenous - normal and pathological - cellular DNA metabolism or can result from exogenous agents such as ionizing radiation. It is generally accepted that these lesions represent one of the most severe types of DNA damage with respect to preservation of genomic integrity. Therefore, cells have evolved complex mechanisms that include cell-cycle arrest, activation of various genes, including those associated with DNA repair, and in certain cases induction of the apoptotic pathway to respond to double-strand breaks. In this review we discuss recent progress in our understanding of cellular responses to DNA double-strand breaks. In additio..

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University of Melbourne Researchers