Journal article

Epigenetic and Genetic Mechanisms of Abnormal 11p15 Genomic Imprinting in Silver-Russell and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndromes

J Demars, Y Le Bouc, A El-Osta, C Gicquel

Current Medicinal Chemistry | BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD | Published : 2011

Abstract

Fetal growth is a complex process depending on the genetics of the fetus, the availability of nutrients to the fetus, maternal nutrition and various growth factors and hormones of maternal, fetal and placental origin. The IGF system, and more particularly IGF2, is one of the most important endocrine and paracrine growth systems regulating fetal and placental growth (reviewed in [1]). The IGF2 gene is regulated by genomic imprinting and is expressed only from the paternally-inherited allele in most tissues during fetal development and after birth. Imprinted genes are tightly regulated and are therefore particularly susceptible to changes, including environmental and nutritional changes. Dysre..

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University of Melbourne Researchers