Journal article

Social Norms in the Development of Adolescent Substance Use: A Longitudinal Analysis of the International Youth Development Study

Marla E Eisenberg, John W Toumbourou, Richard F Catalano, Sheryl A Hemphill

Journal of Youth and Adolescence | SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS | Published : 2014

Abstract

Identifying specific aspects of peer social norms that influence adolescent substance use may assist international prevention efforts. This study examines two aggregated measures of social norms in the school setting and their predictive association with substance (alcohol, tobacco and marijuana) use 2 years later in a large cross-national population-based cohort of adolescents. The primary hypothesis is that in Grade 7 both "injunctive" school norms (where students associate substance use with "coolness") and "descriptive" norms (where student substance use is common) will predict Grade 9 substance use. Data come from the International Youth Development Study, including 2,248 students (51.2..

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