Journal article

The dynamics of concussive head impacts in rugby and Australian rules football

AS McIntosh, P McCrory, J Comerford

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2000


A study was commenced in 1998 at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) to investigate the dynamics of head impacts in football which resulted in concussion. Sixty-eight cases of medically verified concussion from Australian Rules Football and 32 from Rugby Union and Rugby League were analyzed. Video of each injury event was analyzed to obtain descriptive data regarding the head impact site and striking object. The video was analyzed quantitatively to obtain estimates of the closing speeds. A secondary analysis was undertaken using the conservation of momentum and energy relationships to estimate the change in velocity of the head during the impact, the change in momentum of the head, and ..

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