Journal article

Positive Expiratory Pressure via Mask Does Not Improve Ventilation Inhomogeneity More than Huffing and Coughing in Individuals with Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic Sputum Expectoration

Christian Osadnik, Christopher Stuart-Andrews, Samantha Ellis, Bruce Thompson, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland

Respiration | KARGER | Published : 2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Positive expiratory pressure (PEP) has been used to promote airway clearance in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for many years; however, its mechanism of action and benefits are unclear. Previous authors have suggested that PEP improves collateral ventilation via changes in lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: It was the aim of this study to determine whether PEP improves ventilation inhomogeneity more than controlled huffing and coughing in individuals with stable COPD. METHODS: Twelve participants with COPD (mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s 45% predicted) and chronic sputum expectoration performed PEP therapy (10-20 cm H2O) or controlled huffing and cough..

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University of Melbourne Researchers