Working time and cigarette smoking: Evidence from Australia and the United Kingdom
David Angrave, Andy Charlwood, Mark Wooden
Social Science & Medicine | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2014
Cigarette smoking is a risk factor in a range of serious diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke and type II diabetes. Theory suggests that working long hours will increase smoking propensities among workers. Consequently there is a significant body of evidence on the relationship between working time and smoking. Results, however, are inconsistent and therefore inconclusive. This paper provides new evidence on how working time affects smoking behaviour using nationally representative panel data from Australia (from 2002 to 2011) and the United Kingdom (from 1992 to 2011). We exploit the panel design of the surveys to look at within-person changes in smoking behaviour over..View full abstract
The paper uses unit record data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, and the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). The HILDA Survey Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. The BHPS data were collected by the Institute for Social and Economic Research and were made available through the ESRC Data Archive (both at the University of Essex). We are grateful to Peter Butterworth for comments on an earlier version of this paper.