Journal article

Transgenic overexpression of human Bcl-2 in islet beta cells inhibits apoptosis but does not prevent autoimmune destruction

J Allison, H Thomas, D Beck, JL Brady, AM Lew, A Elefanty, H Kosaka, TW Kay, DCS Huang, A Strasser

International Immunology | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2000

Abstract

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus results when > 90% of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreatic islets are killed as a result of autoimmune attack by T cells. During the progression to diabetes, islet beta cells die as a result of different insults from the immune system. Agents such as perforin and granzymes, CD95 ligand and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or cytokines and free-radicals have all been shown to cause beta cell apoptosis. The anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, might protect against some of these stimuli. We have therefore generated transgenic mice expressing human Bcl-2 in their islet beta cells. Although Bcl-2 was able to prevent apoptosis induced by cytotoxic agents ag..

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