Journal article

Childhood tuberculosis in Malawi: nationwide case-finding and treatment outcomes

AD Harries, NJ Hargreaves, SM Graham, C Mwansambo, P Kazembe, RL Broadhead, D Maher, FM Salaniponi

The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | INT UNION AGAINST TUBERCULOSIS LUNG DISEASE (I U A T L D) | Published : 2002

Abstract

SETTING: All 43 non-private hospitals (three central, 22 [corrected] district and 18 [corrected] mission) in Malawi that register and treat adult and paediatric TB cases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate, pattern and treatment outcome of childhood TB case notifications in Malawi in 1998. DESIGN: Retrospective data collection using TB registers, treatment cards and information from health centre registers. Information was collected on number of cases, types of TB and treatment outcomes using standardised definitions. RESULTS: There were 22,982 cases of TB registered in Malawi in 1998, of whom 2,739 (11.9%) were children. Children accounted for 1.3% of all case notifications with smear-positive p..

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