Journal article

Aetiology of neonatal sepsis in Blantyre, Malawi: 1996-2001

J Milledge, JCJ Calis, SM Graham, A Phiri, LK Wilson, D Soko, M Mbvwinji, AL Walsh, SR Rogerson, ME Molyneux, EM Molyneux

Paediatrics and International Child Health | MANEY PUBLISHING | Published : 2005


AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to report causes, antibiotic resistance and outcome of neonatal sepsis (often fatal in developing countries) in Malawi. METHODS: All blood and cerebrospinal fluid isolates collected between January 1996 and December 2001 from inpatients aged 0-30 days with suspected sepsis at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi were reviewed. In vitro resistance to antibiotics commonly used in Malawi was assessed. Case fatality rate was analysed with respect to age, bacterial pathogen and infection site. RESULTS: A total of 801 bacteria were isolated from 784 neonates over 6 years-599 isolates from blood and 202 from cerebrospinal fluid. Overall, 54..

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